Archive for May, 2011

Types House Plans : Architectural Design

May 28, 2011

Apnaghar offers a huge collection of Simplex House Plans encompassing a progressive, almost avant-garde impression. Unique and Stylish are words that come to mind when describing a Simplex house plan.Clean lines, open floor plans and simple spaces are trademarks of Simplex house plans.
Building materials for a Simplex House Plan might include use of glass, steel, timbers and concrete. Geometry also plays a significant role with the Simplex house plan. Strong rectangular shapes and/or dramatic sweeping curves are identifying features of Simplex house plans. Often times, both the bold right-angles as well as dramatic spherical arcs are incorporated in a Simplex house plan.


Affordable house plans include 2- bedroom, 3- bedroom house plans  are one of the most popular house plan configurations in the country, and there’s a reason for that: two- three bedrooms allow for a wide number of options and a broad range of functionality for any home owner. A single professional may incorporate a home office into their house plan, while still leaving space for a guest room. A young couple may set up the perfect bedroom for their child while maintaining space for a study, for guests, or even for another addition to their family. For that reason, it is critical to note the location of the three bedrooms within the plan. A master suite well removed from the other bedrooms is your best bet. Carefully considering how the two-three bedrooms will be used-and may be used in the future-will ensure that your house plan selection will serve you and your family well for years to come.
A duplex house plan is for a Single-family home that is built as a single dwelling with two separate units having one kitchen & Dinning. The two units are built either side by side separated by a firewall or they may be stacked. Duplex Hose plans gives a villa look and feel in small area. If the building is in high-density areas such as busy cities or on more expensive waterfront property, this type of home can be a great investment option for the future. Apnaghar collection offers various styles, sizes and configurations available online.  You may browse our duplex  home plans with modern elevation best suited to the environment. The duplex blueprints in this collection represent the effort of dozens of  designers and architects.
South India house plans

Homes with a luxury floor plan such as large estates or mansions may contain separate guest suites, servants’ quarters, home entertainment rooms, pool houses, detached garages, and more. “Luxury” itself is not a style but a lifestyle. Styles of Luxury Home Plans available at APNAGHAR will include; Traditional House Plan, Modern House Plan, Villas House Plans, Bunglaow House pLans, Duplex Hous Plans, Exclusive House Plans. Our luxury plans starts very early, almost at 3500 sq ft and includes large home floor plans over 11,000 Sq ft. The most popular luxury homes are found in the Mediterranean home plans and European house plans design style categories. The Luxury blueprints in this collection represent the effort of dozens of home designers and architects. This guarantees a broad spectrum of architectural interpretations within this design style.

Small house plans fit big dreams of middle income group. Small house Plans that fall in this square-foot range are ideal for those looking to build a smart, flexible, cost-efficient, and energy-saving home that is no larger than what the family needs or what the plot allows. Small house plans should feel snug, not cramped – a challenging balance for designers to attain. Space-saving strategy is the foremost concept in small house plans. Small house plans are smartly built homes call for rooms that flow easily between household hotspots and perform “on demand.” For instance kitchen allows the space to function flexibly as a dining area prep space, breakfast bar, and serving buffet for larger meals. In all small home plans, judicious placement of porches and balconies is a great way to add both character and area to the home. Small house plans are intended to be economical to build. Although many small home plans are often plain and simple, this website includes hundreds of small house plans that are absolutely charming, well planned, well zoned, and a joy to live in. These small house plans may be smaller in size but are designed to live and feel large.

Two and Three-story homes suit families of any size, at any stage of life, and are often cost-efficient alternatives to sprawling one-level designs. Their flexibility stems from the way these designs vary from room placement and architectural structure of the home, accommodating multiple needs and preferences. Two & Three story plans have the advantage of a second floor to help separate bedrooms from common living spaces or other bedrooms. Three-story plans are both functional and practical have the advantage of a second floor to help separate bedrooms from common living spaces or other bedrooms.
                                                                                                                                
Multi-family house plans carry the culture of joint family in it. These multi-family building plans are commonly referred to as duplexes, triplexes, apartment plans, row houses, townhouses, or condos.In these Multi-family house plans more than one family can reside under one roof with almost same facilities Multi-family house plans, and apartment floor plans are available in many architectural styles at Apnaghar. Multi family home plans make great investment property and work well where space is limited due to cost or availability. Multi-family house plan can be selected from huge variety of design styles available at Apnaghar.

Architectural Features of Bungalow House Plans:
  • Low-slung roof, often with flared roof line
  • Exposed rafters and ridge beams
  • Large wide porches, often with tapered square columns
  • Open and informal floor plans
Bungalow house plans with their wide, inviting front porches and open living areas, are a popular home design nationwide.
The bungalow house plan style, has its own luxury, utilization of space, landscaping etc. It lends itself to an easy and informal lifestyle, often coupled with well-wrought details. Bungalows make up in liveability what they lack in small house plans. A typical floor plan features an open living area, with bedrooms, kitchens and bathrooms arranged for easily accessibility. The low-slung roof – often with multiple projections – gives the home a “built-in” feel on the right lot. The bungalow house plan, with its signature wide, inviting porch supported by rectangular columns, provides what amounts to an extra room, open to the street and bringing the outdoors into play in the occupants’ lifestyle.


Farmhouse is a general term for the main house of a farm. It is a type of building or house which serves a residential purpose in a rural or agricultural setting. Most often, the surrounding environment will be a farm or surrounded by landscaping garden. Farmhouse plan or farm house design are traditional home plans that recall the informality and charm of a country farm. Regional diversity provides a varied collection but all share a rural flavor. Farmhouse plan or farm house design are typically large front porches that often wrap around and occasionally extend to the rear as well. Farm house plans come in various floor plan types but are more frequent as 1 ½ or two story floor plans; however ranches are common in certain regions. Farm house plans can be found throughout the continent and do vary from modest to expansive.

 Hilly Area house plans are typically multi-level plans designed to sit on rugged, hillside lots. Although Hilly Area house plans are frequently contemporary with wide open interiors to capture views, there are many that are more traditional in character. Many Hilly Area house plans come with daylight, or walk-out basements. At Apnaghar you can find huge collection of Hilly Area house plans. We at Apnaghar also provide customized solution for Hilly Area House Plans.

Traditional house plans are blend of old fashioned house plans with modern architecture creativite or innovations. Comfortably rooted in a wide variety of Indian historical styles, Traditional house plans have a wonderfully warm and familiar feel. By using the most popular elements of Classical on old design, these one, two and three story plans offer the advantage of being instantly at home in most any setting. Exteriors encompass the entire range of siding options including brick, wood, stone and stucco as well as tasteful combinations. Interiors too are flexible enough to accommodate a broad range of traditional tastes and design desires. Welcoming front porches, gracious dining and living rooms as well as generously-proportioned kitchens, family rooms and integrated garages are all options that can be found in Traditional home designs.

A garage not only offers you practical benefits on a daily basis, it also significantly increases the overall value of your property. Apnaghar offers a huge selection of garage plans and shed plans to compliment your new building project.  Some have lofts, workshops and even full apartments incorporated into the design. Generally, the minimum recommended size of a 1-car garage is approximately 12 ft. wide and 22 ft. deep. When considering your 1-car garage design, go bigger when possible. There might be proper space for bicycles, two wheelers,  a lawnmower, garden tools, sporting equipment, etc. Garage plans with a covered porch will add charm to an otherwise plain garage-building plan. These garage designs have a covered entry way and offer variations in floor plans which may include a bathroom, shower, office, kennel, or a lap pool.www.apnaghar.co.in

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Architectural House Designs

May 26, 2011
Architectural House Designs:

Simplex House Plans::
Apnaghar offers a huge collection of Simplex House Plans encompassing a progressive, almost avant-garde impression. Unique and Stylish are words that come to mind when describing a Simplex house plan.Clean lines, open floor plans and simple spaces are trademarks of Simplex house plans.
Affordable House Plans ::
Affordable house plans include 2- bedroom, 3- bedroom house plans  are one of the most popular house plan configurations in the country, and there’s a reason for that: two- three bedrooms allow for a wide number of options and a broad range of functionality for any home owner.
Duplex House Plans ::
A duplex house plan is as a multi-family home that is built as a single dwelling with two separate units. The two units are built either side by side separated by a firewall or they may be stacked.
Luxury Home Plans ::
Homes with a luxury floor plan such as large estates or mansions may contain separate guest suites, servants’ quarters, home entertainment rooms, pool houses, detached garages, and more. “Luxury” itself is not a style but a lifestyle.
Small House Plans::
Small house plans fit big dreams of middle income group. Small house Plans that fall in this square-foot range are ideal for those looking to build a smart, flexible, cost-efficient, and energy-saving home that is no larger than what the family needs or what the plot allows.
Double and Triple Story House Plans::
Two and Three-story homes suit families of any size, at any stage of life, and are often cost-efficient alternatives to sprawling one-level designs. Their flexibility stems from the way these designs vary from room placement and architectural structure of the home, accommodating multiple needs and preferences.
Multi Family House Plans::
Multi-family house plans carry the culture of joint family in it. These multi-family building plans are commonly referred to as duplexes, triplexes, apartment plans, row houses, townhouses, or condos.In these Multi-family house plans more than one family can reside under one roof with almost same facilities
Bungalow House Plans
The bungalow house plan style, has its own luxury, utilization of space, landscaping etc. It lends itself to an easy and informal lifestyle, often coupled with well-wrought details. Bungalows make up in liveability what they lack in small house plans.
Farm House Plan
Farmhouse is a general term for the main house of a farm. It is a type of building or house which serves a residential purpose in a rural or agricultural setting. Most often, the surrounding environment will be a farm or surrounded by landscaping garden.
Hilly area House Plans: :
 Hilly Area house plans are typically multi-level plans designed to sit on rugged, hillside lots. Although Hilly Area house plans are frequently contemporary with wide open interiors to capture views, there are many that are more traditional in character
Traditional House Plans::
Traditional house plans are blend of old fashioned house plans with modern architecture creativite or innovations. Comfortably rooted in a wide variety of Indian historical styles, Traditional house plans have a wonderfully warm and familiar feel. B
Garage House Plans::
A garage not only offers you practical benefits on a daily basis, it also significantly increases the overall value of your property. Apnaghar offers a huge selection of garage plans and shed plans to compliment your new building project.

Front Elevation : Architectural Design

May 24, 2011



Front Elevation : Architectural Design

A vertical  wall face of  a building this is an architectural diagram showing the exterior surface of a building as if projected onto a vertical plane.                           More…
Exterior Elevation Design has become very popular especially as it is important to give a beautiful and
 distinct look to House.                                         More                                                                                                     
  
Low cost front elevation provides an elegant look to simply designed house.& it is easy to keep clean and maintenance.                                                         More…
                
 South Indian House Elevation    : South Indian people has different choice of Front elevation for their dream home. Our expert architects are proficient in elevation of all kinds of House.   

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After moving with APNA GHAR, I got the best solution for my needs.  It fulfilled my urgent need of an architect, who provides me all working drawings without taking much time. It gave me best solution for construction of my home.

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 ANPA GHAR.  MAYUR   PATEL, SURAT 

I m very happy and inspired also  a such site has been SHORT OUT problem for me .I will take more help in future if required.

Thank You  Rk tiwari  UNITED NATION MISSION

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Kitchen Interior Designing-Architectural Design

May 23, 2011

Kitchen Interior Designing
Modern kitchen with Interior designing has taken over the normal dull looking kitchen. Now day’s Kitchen has been given special attention when it comes to interior designing. Modern kitchen with interior designing is better known as modular kitchen. . A modular kitchen is what a high quality designed kitchen would be with some good sections of cabins, shelves, chimney, dish washer and a good amount of storage capacity. Modular kitchen designs come in different variety and it helps in providing a fresh and pure environment.
While designing a beautiful kitchen, interior designer should keep the following things in the mind:-
·         Kitchen Interior should be made according to taste of individual and not as what you see here and there mixing everything resulting in a mess.
·         Despite of the size of kitchen, interiors and cabins should be properly organized.
·         Instead of painting every wall in the kitchen, wall decals can be used, with bright colors. Wall decals need not to be put around chimney sectioned wall as the cooking area will lead to smoke and it will make the wall decal dark.
·         One section of the wall in a kitchen can include metal or wood racks for wine bottles storage. This will keep the stock of bottles organized and neat.
·         The baking vessels should be kept in a separate cabinet near microwave or oven. The daily use utensils can be kept near dishwashing area. There should be separate cabinet for holding the jars, bottles, oil vertically with different sized dimensions.
·         The dustbin should be kept in a separate area under the dishwashing area in a cabinet, so that your kitchen surrounding doesn’t lead to foul smell.
·         Flowers on fridge, microwave or some empty spaces will give positive energy to the kitchen.


Vastu has an important role to play interior designing of kitchen.  These are few points to be remember while designing a modular kitchen:
·         The ideal position for kitchen is the South-East corner of the house.
·         The cooking stove is best placed in the South-East corner (the place of Lord Agni)
·         The person cooking should face East direction as this brings good health for the family members
·         The Kitchen sink should be placed in North-East
·         The water filter and other drinking water storage should be done in the North-East direction of the kitchen
·         Refrigerator could be kept in South-East, West or North side, but not in the North-West corner
·         The dining table if placed in the kitchen should be in the North-West corner.


Bathroom Interior Design: Bathroom Fittings & Accessories

May 21, 2011

Bathroom Interior Design: Bathroom Fittings & Accessories

A bathroom is an important part of the house, although small in area but a good bathroom reflects the personality of the entire house. Hence it is important to keep in mind that with little imagination and bathroom interior design tips one can make a functional and a stylish bathroom.


Now a day’s bathroom interior designing is an important part of Modern Architectural Designing. Basically bathrooms are used for necessity and comfort for everyday lives. Interior designing of bathroom adds an artistry touch to the interior design of the entire home. Bathroom designed aesthetically and ergonomically creates a sense of comfort in daily life. Bathroom fittings paly’s an important role in interior designing of bathroom. With beautiful bathroom interior design and varied Bathroom Fittings & Accessories available a bathroom has become a must visit area of the house.  
Hence the interior designs and decorations of the homes also extend to the bathrooms. There is a huge market for bathroom interior design catering to every budget. Here we have few important things for Bathroom Interior Designing :
Bathroom Fittings & FixturesThere is a wide range of bathroom fittings andd accessories available depending upon the budgets and the area of the bathroom. A basic bathroom fixture consists of toilet seat or commode, shower, wash hand basin, vanity unit and bath tub. One of the major bathroom design interior  includes the very important plumbing and drainage system. This includes the flowing of water in and out of the house along with fluids and wastes, flush systems, hot and cold water arrangement, installation of sanitary fixtures like faucets and taps, wash basins, roof flashings, fire prevention system and gas system.
Bathroom Faucets And TapsThese are the vital accessories of bathroom interior designing which gives the bathroom a unique look& feel. A wide range of taps and faucets with unique designs shapes and sizes are available in the, market. There are so many different types, styles and varieties of taps and faucets available in the market for different budgets. The spout and the shower heads have become an important accessory for bathroom interior designing as they are used not just for cleaning yourself but as a spray for total body massage.


Bathroom Colors And Wall CoveringsThe bathroom interior designing also consist the colors of the walls and the coverings.   There is huge variety of colors available in the market to suit everybody’s tastes and budgets. Every colour, textures to the walls, wall paper of different patterns has its own significance. A mix of colors of light and dark shades radically lifts the setup of the bathroom and adds beauty to the interiors.


Bathroom FloorsKeeping hygiene and comfort in mind there is a huge variety of floor materials in the market. A visit to the shop will open up many options and varieties. Bathroom interior designing includes ceramic tiles, vinyl floors, semi hard flooring like flexible vinyl and stone floors that include granite, mosaic, marble and limestone.
Bathroom Blinds And CurtainsThe bathroom interior designing covers the use of curtains, blinds and drapes.  Keep the type of fabric that will be used as a lot of moisture is present in the bathroom hence fabrics that can be easily washed and cleaned should be considered. Blinds of different designs are available in the market to give your bathroom a complete privacy. Bathrooms are a bit tricky place for curtains and drapes as you are dealing with wetness here yet they help in help in privacy and keeping the bathroom warm.
Electrical Fittings And Lights Bathroom interior designing gives an immense importance to the electrical fittings not just to the bathrooms but the entire home. Before decorating the bathroom one has to plan for points for electrical fittings and accessories. Right placement of geysers, heated towel rails, electrical points and switches for hair dryers and shaves and hot tub bath  gives  and elegant look to bathroom. There wide range, brands and designs of plugs, switches, power outlets and lights are available in the Market.
Perfect  interior designing of bathroom  experiences the luxury of a dream bathroom with perfect lights, accessories, comforts and colors.

Door & Window Hardware Fittings : Architecture & Interior Designing

May 20, 2011


Door & windows  hardware fittings plays vital role in modern Architecture Designing or we can say in Interior designing. For complete interior and exterior designing, there are many factors that must be taken into consideration like furniture, color of walls, lighting, decorative items, furnishings and of course window and door hardware. A well designed exterior door & windows can give your home a wonderful gesture. The entry door & windows should be much more than a normal wooden, painted door & windows. And if all the exterior and interior door & windows in are given a proper treatment by the use of varied hardware fittings, it can be assured that the house will stand out from the others.
Wide Range of Hardware fittings – Styles and Finishes : Architecture Designing
There are various hardware fittings for door & windows like door & windows knobs, handles, knockers, hinges, door & windows stops, including address plates and letterboxes. These fittings are available in varied styles and finishes and are made of a wide range of materials. The market is flooded with brass, bronze, wrought iron, steel, aluminum, chrome door & windows fittings in varied styles ranging from antique to contemporary to European and German styles. There are ceramic, glass, wooden, plastic door & windows hardware fittings as well. So selecting a door & windows decorative product is not an easy job. Take time out to find the right door & windows accessories, so that they create a good, first impression. Starting from the entrance to all interior door & windows.
Quality of Hardware Fittings: Architecture Designing
The door & windows decorative accessories must also be of good quality so that they are durable and serve the purpose for which they are used. The entry door & windows hardware is of no use if it cannot provide you the security you want. So the selection of hardware fittings also call for proper quality
There are various types of Door & Windows Hardwares:
Sliding Screen Door Parts & Hardware
Sliding Patio Door Parts & Hardware
Sliding Window Parts & Hardware
Casement Window Hardware
Double Hung Window Hardware
Awning Window Hardware
Jalousie Window Hardware
Truth Window Hardware
Window Screen Parts
Storm Window & Door Parts & Hardware
Bathtub and Shower Door Parts & Hardware
Folding & Sliding Closet Door Parts
R.V. & Mobile Home Parts & Hardware
Drawer & Cabinet Parts / Hardware
Lock Repair Parts
Home Security Parts & Hardware
Builders Hardware
Commercial Door Hardware
Overhead Garage Door Parts & Hardware
Storm & Screen Door Parts & Hardware
Universal Springs
Restroom Partition Parts & Hardware
Roto Window Hardware

Services includes in architecture design at Apnaghar

May 19, 2011

Apnaghar’s construction blueprints are clear, concise and detailed. All the blueprints are designed & drafted by Apnaghar’s  professional team of architects and civil engineers. Each plan is designed to meet nationally recognized building codes. Each set may include the following elements:
1.                   Front Elevations (2-D) – with the help of Architecture designing we can show the front, rear and sides of the house, including exterior materials, details and measurements.
2.                   3d- Perspective View– with the help of Architecture designing we can show an imaginative look of designed home.
3.                   Detailed Floor Plans with furniture Layout – with the help of Architecture designing we can show the placement of interior walls and the dimensions for rooms, doors, windows, stairways, furniture etc. of each level of the house.
4.                   Cross Sections – with the help of Architecture designing we can show details of the house as though it were cut in slices from the roof to the foundation. The cross sections detail the construction of the home, insulation, flooring and roofing.
5.                   Foundation Plans – with the help of Architecture designing we can deliver drawings for a full, partial or daylight basement and/or crawlspace.
6.                   Details Drawings of Doors, windows, Toilets and Kitchen – with the help of Architecture designing we can Show detail structure of kitchen & Toilet placement. Also shoe the detail placement of doors & windows
7.                   Structural Design (Complete Set)  : with the help of Architecture designing we can deliver complete set of architectural drawing drafted by civil engineers.
8.                   Roof Plans – with the help of Architecture designing we can provide the layout of rafters, dormers, gables and other elements including clerestory windows and skylights.
9.                 Stair Case Detail Drawing– with the help of Architecture designing we can show the right placement of stairs i.e. either internal or external or both.
10.               Electrical Layouts – with the help of Architecture designing we can show the suggested locations for switches, fixtures and outlets (not included in JD plans).
11.               Plumbing Drawing: with the help of Architecture designing we can show the water connections and drainage systems.
12.               BOQ : with the help of Architecture designing we can calculate the Average cost of project.
13.               General Specifications – with the help of Architecture designing we can provide instructions and information of structural specifications, excavating and grading, masonry and concrete work, carpentry and wood specifications, thermal and moisture protection and specifications about drywall, tile, flooring, glazing, caulking and sealants.

NOTE: Due to regional variations it is impossible to include much detail on heating, plumbing and electrical work. Duct work, venting and other details vary depending on the type of heating, cooling system (forced air, hot water, electric, solar) and the type of energy (gas, oil, electricity, solar) that you use. These details and specifications are easily obtained from the builder, contractor or local suppliers.

Architectural Design Trends in India –Residential Sector

May 18, 2011

Interior Design is a part of a larger discipline that is Architecture. Both Interior Design and Architecture are the act of designing within either a building or a space and have been adopted to differentiate the unique foci of work of the Architecture environment. However Interior  Design was recognized as a discipline separate from Architecture in India.
Over the years, architects took on the responsibility of furnishing a space and designed every aspect that went to its conception – from the furniture to the art work to the tapestries. However, this level of comfort, amenities and beauty, were restricted to spaces belonging to the rich.
India is now one of the world’s largest democracies and its continuous growth despite the global meltdown has put money into the hands of the middle class youth, who are now living a lifestyle their parents had only dreamed of. A well planned, professionally designed space is now well within their grasp and its being reflected in the growing industry of Architecture design.
Architecture design in India has come a long way. It has gained autonomy from Architecture and is no longer reduced to just decoration and furnishings. It sees space as a living environment, and is a holistic resolution of the socio-cultural, emotional and resource conditions of the context it represents.
Architecture Design, as a separate specialized design discipline, is a relatively new field in India. It has now been recognized as a profession different from decorators and architects dominating the field for historic reasons. Today, Architecture design in India has come a long way. It has gained autonomy from Architecture and is not just reduced to decoration and furnishings anymore. Architecture Design sees space as a living environment and is a holistic resolution of the socio-cultural, emotional and resource conditions of the context it represents.
In the context of design, ‘Architectures’ refers to any space within an enclosed structure that is inhabitable and human centered. These spaces include residences, offices, institutions, schools, hospitals, theatres, restaurants, hotels and resorts, airports and the like. This context also spills onto the structures’ extensions such as porches, entrances, swimming pools, landscaped areas, decks, patios etc.
To get your home designed by Apnaghar, please login to http://www.apnaghar.co.in

Vaastu in Architecture

May 16, 2011



Vaastu Shastra is an ancient Indian science of architecture and buildings which helps in making a congenial setting or a place to live and work in a most scientific way taking advantage of the benefits bestowed by nature, its elements and energy fields for enhanced wealth, health, prosperity and happiness.
Vaastu is the science of direction that combines all the five elements of nature and balance them with the man and the material. Vaastu Shastra is creating a congenial settings or a place to live or work, in most scientific way taking advantages of the benefits bestowed by the five elements called “Paanchbhootas” of the nature thereby paving the way for enhanced health, wealth, prosperity and happiness in an enlightened environment.
Man is the subject, object and the cause of architecture. He perceives and conceives architecture in relation to his experience of himself with the surrounding world. Through art of design, he alters and moulds the elements of natural environment. The world comprises of five basic elements, also known as the Paanchbhootas. They are Earth, Water, Air, Fire and Space. Out of the nine planets, our planet has life because of the presence of these five elements. Earth and Water have limited and localized availability for the human habitat and growth. They form apparent and fundamental choice makers in the location and the physical form of architecture and habitat. Sun, Air and Space are universally available and can be moulded to human needs by the act of design. In order to understand the act of design with these five elements, we shall have to take each one separately to appreciate their meaning, role, and workability in architecture.
(1) EARTH (Bhumi): – Earth, the third planet in order from the sun, is a big magnet with North and South poles as centers of attractions. Its magnetic field and gravitational force has telling effects on everything on the Earth, living and non-living. It is tilted by about 23 ½ degrees at the meridian. It comprises of the land structure, landform, landscape, flora and fauna. It also establishes availability of local construction materials and their workability. In India, we worship our Bhumi and give her a place of our mother.
(2) WATER (Jal): – This is represented by rain, river, sea and is in the form of liquid, solid (ice) and gas (steam, cloud). It forms part of every plant and animal. Our blood is nothing but water with hemoglobin and oxygen. The habitat and physical life are where water is present. This is true for all life forms and eco-cultures. The type, form and pattern of life also greatly depend on relationship of earth and water. If we see our history, all the cultures had developed on the bank of any water bodies, so this shows the influence of the water on our life, since ages.
(3) AIR (Vaayu): – As a life-supporting element, air is very powerful life source. Pure air with oxygen is good for brain and blood. Atmosphere of earth which is about 400 kms. , In depth, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon-di-oxide, Helium, other gases, dust particles, humidity and vapour in certain proportions. Human physical comfort values are directly and sensitively dependent on correct humidity, airflow, and temperature of air, air pressure, air composition and its content. In this aspect, air deals with the entire body surface through skin, blood system – through respiration. Air also represents the movement.
(4) FIRE (Sun): – It represents light and heat without which the life will extinct. All the days and nights, seasons, energy, enthusiasm, passion, vigour is because of light and heat only. Sun is a source of mental energy too. Best minds evolve in a natural process where the sun was temperate. Not very hot, not very cold, just the right temperature of 24 degrees. The different zones with the variety of climate have distinctive culture and architecture. Sun has played an important role in development of visual qualities of architecture in terms of textures, colors and above all the expressions of vitality.
(5) SPACE (Aakash): – All the above elements are skillfully engineers towards the creation of physically comfortable, emotionally pleasant, intellectually determinant, totally vibrant and blissfully satisfying spaces for human shelter and habitat. It is unending regions remote from the earth, in which not only our solar system but the entire galaxy exists. Its effective forces are light, heat, gravitational force and waves, magnetic field and others.
The ideal habitats, cultures, architecture and life have naturally shown exhilarence where all the five elements, to support life, are abundantly available and are suitable to human growth and evolution. This is an invisible and constant relation between these elements outside and those within an individual and in his living and working places. Thus, the man can improve his conditions by properly designing his buildings by understanding the effectiveness of these five natural forces.
The concept of Vastu Purusha
In Hindu cosmology the surface of the earth is represented as a square, the most fundamental of all Hindu forms. The earth is represented as four-cornered in reference to the horizon’s relationship with sunrise and sunset, the North and South direction. It is called Chaturbhuji (four cornered) and represented in the form of the Prithvi Mandala. The astrological charts or horoscopes also represent in a square plan the positions of the sun, moon, planets and zodiac constellations with reference to a specific person’s place and time of birth.
The legend of the Vastu Purusha is related thus. Once a formless being blocked the heaven from the earth and Brahma with many other gods trapped him to the ground. This incident is depicted graphically in the Vastu Purusha Mandala with portions allocated hierarchically to each deity based on their contributions and positions. Brahma occupied the central portion – the Brahmasthana- and other gods were distributed around in a concentric pattern. There are 45 gods in all including 32 outer deities.
North- Kubera- Ruled by lord of wealth (Finance)
South- Yama- Ruled by lord of death – Yama (Damaging)
East- Indra- Ruled by the solar deity- Aditya (Seeing the world)
West- Varuna- Ruled by lord of water (Physical)
Northeast {Eshanya} – Ruled by Shiva
Southeast- Agni- Ruled by the fire deity – Agni (Energy Generating)
Northwest- Vayu- ruled by the god of winds (Advertisement)
Southwest- Pitru/Nairutya, Niruthi- Ruled by ancestors (History)
Center- Brahma- Ruled by the creator of the universe (Desire)
The Vastu Purusha is the presiding deity of any site. Usually he is depicted as lying on it with the head in the northeast and legs in the southwest but he keeps changing position throughout the year.
House grid with sloping roof and open courtyard.
In accordance with the position occupied by the gods in the mandala, guidelines are given for zoning of site and distribution of rooms in a building. Some of these are:
North – treasury
Northeast – prayer room
East – bathroom
Southeast – kitchen
South – bedroom
Southwest – armoury
West – dining room
Northwest – cowshed
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Architectural drawing – Modern architecture

May 14, 2011

Architectural drawing
An architectural drawing is a technical drawing of a building (or building project) that falls within the definition of architecture. Architectural drawings are used by architects and others for a number of purposes: to develop a design idea into a coherent proposal, to communicate ideas and concepts, to convince clients of the merits of a design, to enable a building contractor to construct it, as a record of the completed work, and to make a record of a building that already exists.
Architectural drawings are drawn according to a set of conventions, which include particular views (floor plan, section etc.), sheet sizes, units of measurement and scales, annotation and cross referencing. Conventionally, drawings were made in ink on paper or a similar material, and any copies required had to be laboriously made by hand. The twentieth century saw a shift to drawing on tracing paper, so that mechanical copies could be run off efficiently.
Types of architectural drawing
Architectural drawings are produced for a specific purpose, and can be classified accordingly. Several elements are often included on the same sheet, for example a sheet showing a plan together with the principal façade.
Presentation drawings
Drawings intended to explain a scheme and to promote its merits. Working drawings may include tones or hatches to emphasize different materials, but they are diagrams, not intended to appear realistic. Basic presentation drawings typically include people, vehicles and trees, taken from a library of such images, and are otherwise very similar in style to working drawings. Rendering is the art of adding surface textures and shadows to show the visual qualities of a building more realistically. An architectural illustrator or graphic designer may be employed to prepare specialist presentation images, usually perspectives or highly finished site plans, floor plans and elevations etc.
·         Survey drawings
Measured drawings of existing land, structures and buildings. Architects need an accurate set of survey drawings as a basis for their working drawings, to establish exact dimensions for the construction work. Surveys are usually measured and drawn up by specialist land surveyors.
·         Record drawings
Historically, architects have made record drawings in order to understand and emulate the great architecture known to them. In the Renaissance, architects from all over Europe studied and recorded the remains of the Roman and Greek civilizations, and used these influences to develop the architecture of the period. Records are made both individually, for local purposes, and on a large scale for publication.
Record drawings are also used in construction projects, where “as-built” drawings of the completed building take account of all the variations made during the course of construction.
·         Working drawings
A comprehensive set of drawings used in a building construction project: these will include not only architect’s drawings but structural and services engineer’s drawings etc. Working drawings logically subdivide into location, assembly and component drawings.
Location drawings, also called general arrangement drawings, include floor plans, sections and elevations: they show where the construction elements are located.
Assembly drawings show how the different parts are put together. For example a wall detail will show the layers that make up the construction, how they are fixed to structural elements, how to finish the edges of openings, and how prefabricated components are to be fitted.
Component drawings enable self-contained elements e.g. windows and doorsets, to be fabricated in a workshop, and delivered to site complete and ready for installation. Larger components may include roof trusses, cladding panels, cupboards and kitchens. Complete rooms, especially hotel bedrooms and bathrooms, may be made as prefabricated pods complete with internal decorations and fittings.
Traditionally, working drawings would typically combine plans, sections, elevations and some details to provide a complete explanation of a building on one sheet. That was possible because little detail was included, the building techniques involved being common knowledge amongst building professionals. Modern working drawings are much more detailed and it is standard practice to isolate each view on a separate sheet. Notes included on drawings are brief, referring to standardised specification documents for more information. Understanding the layout and construction of a modern building involves studying an often-sizeable set of drawings and documents.